The older the lettuce leaves, the more bitter they will get, and it can become tough or woody. It should green back up. Cos or butterhead varieties can either be harvested leaf by leaf, or can be harvested as a whole head when they are semi-firm but not solid. Here’s a list of common issues you may encounter and how to handle them. And the most amazing part is you can grow it in a small space, even indoors, and that too year-round, with the help of these 7 Ways to Grow Lettuce Indoors. Start the year with varieties that thrive in cool soil and relatively low light conditions. Planting times: North Florida: Sept – Oct & Feb – Mar Central Florida: Sept – March South Florida: Sep – Jan A popular lettuce for hydroponic growing. However, if your lettuce is wilting faster than you’re making salads, you can use your lettuce greens up quickly by making a creamy lettuce soup or by making a stir-fry with them. The box has allowed us to grow lettuce year round. As the plants begin to come up, thin them according to their type. The most common for lettuce is sclerotinia stem rot, which can cause a whitish mold to appear along the stem and base of your plant. To deter aphids, planting rows of chives, cilantro, or garlic between rows of lettuce will help, as aphids don’t like the aroma of these plants. You can make your own spring mix or mesclun mix quite easily out of your garden harvest, and it’ll taste a whole lot better than what you buy at the supermarket! A: Mesclun is actually a mix of different types of lettuce leaves. While most people do not think of lettuce as being something which is meant to be cooked, it can be treated like spinach or other wilting greens, and can make a tasty side dish or a lightly-sweet soup. Very winter-hardy. However, these varieties deserved a mention. Extremely dark red lettuce with crisp, waxy leaves. Finally, lettuce necrotic yellows and the lettuce mosaic virus are both diseases carried by aphids. Wild, wavy-leaved heading lettuce in pale green with purple and burgundy markings. You can also opt to use a floating row cover to provide shade, but be sure that the ends are kept open to provide airflow. Any year-round productive garden needs careful planning. That keeps other insect pests out, too! In the cooler months, full sun is just fine for your lettuce, but as it starts to warm up, the sun’s rays will scorch your tender leaves. Head varieties can either have outer leaves trimmed off for immediate use or can be grown until the full head has developed. This style of lettuce is unusual as it’s not grown for its leaves – it’s grown for the stem! A baby-leaf variety with sawblade-like dark red leaves. Slow to bolt. A mini-romaine variety which produces bronze-red, oval-shaped leaves. A crinkled looseleaf variety with green striations. Source: rodeworks, Tom Thumb lettuce, a baseball-sized head. Beautiful appearance. Here is more about our approach. At this point, your plant is past its eating prime and should be removed unless you plan on harvesting seed from it. The bacillus in that spray will kill off the larval stages of cutworm moths and many other caterpillars. Big green crunchy lettuce. I’ve also included a list of ways to use up the excess lettuce you may find on hand. Be sure that there’s ample amount of space for your plants to breathe. Long season. While some types of lettuce have lower rates of germination than others, the majority typically have about an 85% germination rate, so your watering habits are likely the issue. Hi, I'm Kevin. Still, if you have an abundance of lettuce, this might be an option for you! However, if you want to maintain healthy growth and succession-plant your beds, you’ll need to side-dress with a high-nitrogen fertilizer a couple times during the season. More lettuce leaves may regrow from the base. However, when peeled, the stem itself is crisp, tasty, and tends to be sweet. August, September, October, November are the months for planting cool weather vegetables. The investment in a grow-light set up will pay for itself over time. Spring mix is also a blend. Fish or seaweed emulsions work very well, as does a rich compost tea. Quite pretty. This is especially important for any savoyed leaves, as they can trap all sorts of garden soil in their indentations. This way you can grow them indoors, too. Growing your lettuces close to chives or garlic plants helps to keep the vegetable pest free. Popular traditional butterhead variety with light green leaves. Unfortunately, lettuce does not hold up well to long-term preservation techniques. Vegetables That Grow Year-Round. Cold-hardy, slow to bolt. Plant in succession every 2 weeks to ensure you have a consistent crop throughout the growing season. Looseleaf lettuces should be spaced about 3-4″ apart. If the edges of your leaves are turning brown, you’re experiencing tip burn. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) can be grown in nearly all climate zones, but as a cool-season vegetable it does best when growing in the spring and fall—or even winter in southern climates. Or do different things different times of the year. This also means that you can enjoy fresh greens even with snow on the ground. Also, watch this tutorial video on YouTube for more information. It’s best to harvest your lettuce early rather than letting it go later. Even though the lid helps insulate the box you need to keep in mind the ground is still cold underneath. There are many different options to keep these much larger garden-munchers at bay, but one of the easiest is to place floating row covers over your lettuce bed. Summer is the best time of year to grow, as you'll have the most natural light available. Spreading beneficial nematodes will help to wipe out the population of the pest nematodes, as they will seek out and kill the other varieties. Lettuce … To harvest full heads of lettuce, you can opt to either cut off the lettuce at its base, or to pull the plant out roots and all. Sweet buttery flavored heirloom. Whether you prefer the salad standard of Iceberg (crispheads), or a nice leafy green, there’s going to be a lettuce for you! Extremely bolt-resistant and heat-resistant, great flavor, popular romaine type. Floating row covers can also protect your lettuce from aphids or other pest insects. Garden zones with minimum temperatures in the 60s can grow lettuce all year round. One of the ways to grow lettuce indoors is by starting it vertically. Taiwanese variety with sword-shaped leaves and a mildly bitter flavor. Rabbits, woodchucks, and deer can all be drawn to your lettuce beds, and will helpfully eat anything you have there. We all eat it, but have you wondered how to grow lettuce? Lettuce 'All Year Round' is slow to run to seed that you can enjoy when you like, meaning that there is a long window of opportunity for harvesting. Any pest-damaged, wilted, or otherwise problematic leaves on the plant can be pruned out at any time. While snow is not necessarily detrimental to lettuce, avoid exposing them to desiccating cold as this will kill them Dehydrated lettuce does not rehydrate very well. Water makes up the majority of your lettuce’s crisp greens, so they require regular watering. Artificial light is usually needed to grow lettuce indoors. Oak-leaf shaped leaves with a cos growth habit. Share with us all below! Most are rounded-tipped varieties with a satisfying crunch. Heirloom variety. Using a nitrogen-rich aged compost will work well for this purpose. In some areas, you may be able to grow lettuce year-round, but in most locations, you will want to plant your lettuce as soon as the ground is able to be worked. Once temperatures are over 80 degrees consistently, grow your plants in the shade and be sure that they have lots of air around them to keep them cooler. Bright leaves turn darker red in colder weather. Incredibly wildly colored leaves, buttery and mild flavor. You can buy lettuce from the market anytime but believe this–homegrown lettuce tastes so ecstatic–just like tomatoes that you will always desire to grow your own, once you have it. You can trim back the entire plant to about 1-2″ from the ground once it reaches 3-6″ in height, which should be roughly every 10-18 days. Most of these varieties are hybrids of two different styles of lettuce mentioned above. Q: Are there good companion plants for lettuce? But if you’re growing a number of lettuce types as most of us do, you will want to purchase new seed rather than save your own, as it may form unusual and less-favorable hybrids. Source: VitaminGreen, Rouge Grenobloise lettuce. Outside leaves are tinged red, inside leaves are yellow. The flea beetle will eat holes through your lettuce leaves. You can start some lettuce plants in advance, 4-6 weeks prior to the final frost, and transplant them out once the ground is able to … Source: matthew_middleton, Freckles lettuce. This will help you preserve your leaf lettuce for a few days’ time. This occurs when you’re not watering consistently or frequently enough while trying to sprout new plants. Slimy slugs and snails will eat huge gouges out of your lettuce leaves if given half a chance. This is especially true of loose-leaf lettuces, which are best eaten the day that they’re picked. Slow-bolting. For more information, check out this good read here. These plants are often raised for baby lettuce leaves, but are still quite tasty as full-grown leaves. Very attractive. What’s your favorite variety of lettuce? The hard part with lettuce (shown above) is not the fall, spring or even winter. With some planning, regular planting and correct variety selection it’s possible to grow lettuce all year round. Another Chinese stem lettuce which is tolerant to both heat and cold. While it’s good for your lettuce to have at least an hour or two of sun during the day, pick locations where the peak sunlight periods aren’t going to harm your tender greens. Thrips will scar your lettuce or cause it to yellow and wilt. If your plants are young, fertilizing the leaves themselves is alright, but don’t fertilize within five to seven days of harvesting. You need to harvest lettuce while the leaves are tender and flavorful, before they begin to bitter. Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. Large and tender, great in salads. Enjoy home-grown lettuce all year when growing it in the house. For beginners, who are planning to grow these salad greens hydroponically, start with the bibb lettuce. Source: essgee51, Black Seeded Simpson lettuce. Do you prefer crisp lettuces or tender buttery ones? Since we all want to eat our own produce, that’s not a good thing! However indoor vegetables can grow year-round, bringing cheer even during the dreary winter months. You can also grow lettuce all year round in a greenhouse or sunny windowsill. There are so many types of lettuce to choose from – all with different colours, flavours and … With a good focus on gardening basics like proper water, shade, and planting in succession, lettuce can be a constant harvest from your garden almost the entire year long.​ Let’s explore the diversity of lettuce types and find the perfect variety for you! A head which is not quite ready will easily compress under your fingers. Often self-blanches in the center. One of the most common problems is poor germination. Pick a spot away from active heat sources and cold drafts, and inaccessible to mischievous, hungry pets. A helpful article on growing lettuce under the grow lights is here to read. Leaf lettuce, also referred to as looseleaf lettuce, doesn’t form as compact and tight of a head. Source: thesoutherngardener, Little Gem lettuce seedlings. It should be loose and well-draining, and you will want to make sure it’s well broken up. The crisphead is the variety that most of us are familiar with from the grocery store. Growing Lettuce In Florida. Trim off any affected leaves and destroy them. Can be grown as either a Romaine-type lettuce or a leaf-type. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. If you find your lettuce tastes bitter or is woody in texture, it’s too old. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Be sure to press out all excess air. 12 Affordable Houseplants You Can Get So Cheap! Frillice or frilly-leaved lettuce variety with a crisp bite. 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